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Vol. LVII - Issue No. 172 : January - April 2022

Teshuvah and the Return to Goodness: Emmanuel Levinas’ Concept of Forgiveness in the Religious Dimension

  Patrick Andre C. Mencias

This paper explores Emmanuel Levinas’ concept of Teshuvah or Forgiveness in the Religious/ Judaic Tradition. Levinas wrote the idea of forgiveness in two distinct occasions, in different writings. While the other concept of Forgiveness is named as “pardon” that is written in his major work Totality and Infinity, this paper explores the notion of Teshuvah from the commentary he made in the colloquium organized by the Ecole Normale Israelite Orientale in 1963. In addition to the discussion, while the paper is focused on understanding the notion of Teshuvah, it will also highlight Levinas’ ethical responsibility as his form of critique and reevaluation of the Teshuvah from its prescriptive and conditional nature, towards an ethics that is for-the-Other. The discussion of the paper will be as follows, first, it will introduce the main text where Levinas’ mentions the idea of Teshuvah in Towards the Other as to understand how it is written and interpreted by Levinas. Second, is to retell the stories from the Talmud where the lesson on Teshuvah is found and what the ideas are that stem out of it. Third, is to expose Levinas’ critique and commentary of each story. And finally the paper shall conclude as to how the concept of Teshuvah can be understood in a better light as it is complimented with Levinas’ analysis on Ethical Responsibility.

Keywords :  Levinas, Teshuvah, Forgiveness, Justice, Goodness, Ethics

The Roots and Offshoots of Bikol Philosophizing

  Victor John M. Loquias

The paper presents a constellation of works that have made a different ripple in doing philosophy in the Bikol region. The common feature of relocating the philosophical enterprise into the linguistic universe of Bikol among the works included is identified herein as the root of Bikol philosophizing while the arrangement according to their shared themes conveyed by the various concepts tackled is referred to as the offshoots of Bikol philosophizing. A panoramic view of the Bikol concepts developed is thus presented thematically rendering solidarity to the efforts of the authors who either worked directly or in proximity with the linguistic turn of philosophy to Bikol. The paper ends with some remarks on this practice of philosophy in Bikol in relation to the other initiatives in the country which offer a molecular view of (Filipino) philosophy in the regions.

Keywords :  Linguistic Turn, Bikol Philosophizing, Bikol Philosophical Anthropology, Bikol Ethics, Bikol Faith and Spirituality, Bikol Social and Political Concepts, Bikol Aesthetics

A Missing Preface in Mendoza’s History of the Great Kingdom of China, 1585

  John N. Crossley

Mendoza’s History of the Great Kingdom of China, first published in 1585, used the Augustinian Martín de Rada’s account of his visit to China for a significant part of his book. Although he used Rada’s account almost completely, he omitted the first chapter. That chapter does not reflect well on the Augustinians, as it shows the lengths they were going to in order to get into China. It also shows the role played by one of the leading Sangleys in Manila, whose name was Sanko, though written by the Spaniards as Çanco. We fill Mendoza’s gap by presenting that chapter together with an English translation.

Keywords :  Juan González de Mendoza, OSA; China and the Philippines; Martín de Rada, OSA

The Rosary Devotions of Orani, Bataan and of Hagonóy, Bulacan: A Devotional Link

  Kendrick Ivan B. Panganiban

This paper aims to present the unifying force brought by a Marian devotion to two towns located in two places with different circumstances in Philippine Church history. In the spiritual geography of the religious orders in the Philippines, the parishes of Bataan were administered by the Dominicans since 1588 while the parishes of Bulacan were administered by majority by the Augustinians since 1572. La Virgen Milagrosa del Rosario del Pueblo de Orani grew as a Marian devotion that has gathered pilgrims in many years. The image was brought to Bataan and eventually completed the triumvirate of Dominican patrons with Abucay being devoted to St. Dominic de Guzman in 1588 and Samal being devoted to St. Catherine of Siena in 1596. When Orani was separated to be an independent parish in 1714, the devotion grew further. Then, between the 1700s to the 1800s, a brown-skinned image of the Virgin and the Child Jesus was discovered along the riverbanks of Hagonóy, Bulacan, under the Augustinians at the other side of the Manila Bay. This image was very similar to Orani's La Virgen Milagrosa, which in turn would be recognized as Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de Hagonóy. Though a Dominican-propagated devotion, this local rosary devotion and the image grew in this town with various traditions such as Marian poetry and the promotion of the Block Rosary movement. Orani's image would later on be further venerated not only in Bataan but in the neighboring provinces. Though Hagonóy can be found farther East from Bataan and Pampanga, the rosary devotion in this town seemed a visage of the Bataan patroness. By 1942, the fall of Bataan caused Bataeños to travel to Hagonóy and settling in the western barrio of the town. This was eventually named Sto. Rosario in honor of the Virgin of the Rosary. There the Bataeños saw their patroness in the image of the discovered Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de Hagonóy. The circumstances of the relations between the people of the two towns resulted in the establishment of the parish of Sto. Rosario, Hagonóy in 1952. Further propagation of these two devotions allowed for the recognition of both Marian devotions by their dioceses and by the Holy See. Orani's image was granted a canonical coronation in 1958. Eventually, the church of Orani was granted the titles diocesan shrine in 2004, an affiliate of the Papal Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore in 2012 and a minor basilica in 2019. The devotion to Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de Hagonóy, on the other hand, was granted an episcopal coronation also in 2019. The impact of the local Marian devotion in these two towns became a way to unite the Catholic faithful, like a link of the beads of the rosary which identify the country as “Pueblo amante de Maria.”

Keywords :  marian piety, history of christian art, philippine church history, popular piety, church heritage studies, church history

Baybay, baybayin, Binondo, and the Parian: Documents on the Evolution of the Mestizo Sangley (PHILIPPINIANA RECORDS)

  Regalado Trota José

This paper seeks to contribute to the growing number of studies on early modern period inter-cultural relations, focusing on Chinese-Filipino-Spanish interactions in the early 1600s and the resulting rise of the mestizo sangley, children of Filipino and Chinese unions. The paper is based on two documents in the Archivo de la Universidad de Santo Tomás (AUST) in Manila, one in the Archivo de la Provincia de los Agustinos Filipinos (APAF) in Valladolid, Spain, and a Spanish-Chinese dictionary in the AUST, all dating from the first half of the 17th century.

Keywords :  Baybay, baybayin, Binondo, mestizo sangley, Parián, sangleys

El clero secular de la archidi cesis de Manila y la ense anza superior en Filipinas seg n un manuscrito de 1775-1776 (PHILIPPINIANA RECORDS)

  Cayetano Sánchez Fuertes, OFM

Keywords :  


  Norberto M. Castillo, OP; Rey John E. Gayta; Beaujorne Sirad A. Ramirez; John Alfred F. Rabena; Jose Adriand Emmanuel L. Layug

Keywords :  

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