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 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2000pslix179    

Index 1966 - 2016

Vol. LIX - Issue No. 179 : May - August 2024

Eusebius of Caesarea’s Christology and The Nicene Confession  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2001pslix179a1    
 Author/s : 
Jannel N. Abogado, O.P

Abstract : 
This work explores Eusebius of Caesarea’s Christological teaching, situating him in the complex web of interlocking religious and political issues that characterized the fourth-century Trinitarian discourse. It argues that the traditional groupings of bishops into different ecclesiastical alliances around this period did not entail that the personalities grouped therein necessarily held the same doctrinal confession. Such is demonstrated in the case of Eusebius of Caesarea who allied himself with the assembly of the Eusebian bishops—the group that sustained the claim of Arius leading to the 325 Council of Nicea and persecuted the defenders of the Nicene theology, most notably Athanasius, the years following the great council. It expostulates that, notwithstanding his association with the Eusebian party, the theology of the bishop of Caesarea, as specified in his works, both preand post-Nicene, is consistent with the view that the Son is fully divine, thus is reconcilable with the theology of Nicea.


Keywords : Eusebius of Caesarea, communion, Nicea, homouseans, ousia, Arian, anti-Arian, Eusebians, Eusebius of Nicomedia, Asterius the Sophist, Trinity, divinity of the Son of God

Redesigning Humans in the Nano-Age  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2002pslix179a2    
 Author/s : 
Marciana Agnes G. Ponsaran

Abstract : 
The blurring boundaries between therapy and human enhancement raise a lot of ethical questions that need to be addressed. Therapy is healing and restoring the sick to health; enhancement is improving the normal functioning of the body. With nanomedicine, the boundary becomes even hazier. Nanomedicine refers to the application of nanotechnology to the prevention and treatment of diseases. The European Science Foundation defines it as the science and technology of diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease and traumatic injury, relieving pain, and preserving and improving human health using molecular tools and knowledge of the human body (ESF, 2005). While nanomedicine delivers numerous and unprecedented benefits to the health and general well-being of individuals, nanoenabled human enhancement technologies will be the gateway to the transhumanist vision of immortality. Transhumanism contends that through the advancements in science and technology, we can overcome our physical and cognitive limitations, extend human lifespan, and attain perpetual existence. The blurring boundaries between enhancement will have remarkable consequences on what it means to be a human being. The study will make use of New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) Ethics as a framework for addressing dichotomous approaches and polarizing perspectives on human enhancement.


Keywords : human enhancement, nanomedicine, NEST ethics, human enhancementtherapy distinction

On Paths from Angst to Redemption: Southeast-Asian Root Metaphors and Key Scenarios  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2003pslix179a3    
 Author/s : 
Hermel O. Pama, OP

Abstract : 
The Javanese philosophy of Kejawen, translated loosely as ‘worldview’ promises, albeit not unproblematically, to be a meaningful paradigm in appropriating Southeast-Asian voices emerging from the shadows of modern forgetting. This is the type of forgetting which Connerton identifies as “constitutive in the formation of a new identity…providing a living space for new projects…not so much a retention of relatedness as rather a creation of relatedness between those who were previously unrelated” (Connerton 2011:36, 37). It needs to be re-appropriated and transmitted not just through the making of institutional memories but from the markings of the region’s ancient past. If, as Ingold (2021) proposes, ‘knowledge is forged through movements, through paths of life,’ I trace these paths to look for answers as to why being alive is being thrown into a walog (Cebuano, that which is neither place nor non-place); a being-against specters of nothingness in the constitution of the colonial and postcolonial subjects in anthropological discourse. I question the darkness with which these post-this-life futures have been enshrouded. Were that veil lifted, one would glimpse at kamurawayan (Bikol, glory) aflame in indigenous souls; that light they are capable of. This aporia is explained by the context of places I have worked in, which I deem as excelente zona social (Taussig 2012): a human ‘creation of nothingness’ mirrored in projects of industrial modernity, or in the exclusivity of nations or religions that spell out divides and differences; or movements that void the possibility of meaningful publics pursuing deeply held truths. On paths that point to a deeper ontology, I argue that anthropology’s ‘ontological turn,’ its current impulse, needs to recognize the persons’ ethical demand, justifying life and living moments in forms of prayer: voice that transcends speech and, in Kejawen parlance, as manifest mercy. Such recognition comes from considering positionality and reflexivity not primarily as cultural relativity nor subjectivity, but as an attestation. It is an agent’s exigency of habitus (anad [Cebuano, Bikol]) called humilitas, regarding (pakighugoy-hugoy [Cebuano]) the existence of the other (tawo [Cebuano, Bikol]) in exendence (Levinas 1935 in Franck 2000:5); regarding oneself, it becomes serenity and surrender. Pivotal in this explanation are root metaphors, categories conceptualizing the order of the world, understood in Ortner’s (1973) sense. I shall treat as root metaphors d/jalan or path, kejawen or collective memory, and gotong royong as joy which I deem to be the cosmological tethering that articulate existential angst and spur movements through life. In tandem to root metaphors, I shall focus on key scenarios, understood as cognitive and affective experiences in relation to culturally defined categories. These key scenarios are derived from a confluence of Austronesian languages- Bikol, East Miraya and Minangkabau, that bring us to the consideration of rantau as pilgrimage; pagsadios as gift and sacrifice, where the dialectic of feasting and fasting and the discourse of wellness and healing are rooted; and langan and langnan as union, surrender, losing and finding, being home.


Keywords : jalan (being on the way), kejawen/pagsadios/kaalamang bayang teolohiya (religious, indigenous worldview), communitas (liminality, marginality, joy)

“An Exchange of Gifts:” Benedict XVI’s Eucharistic Ecclesiology as an Approach to Ecumenism  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2005pslix179a5    
 Author/s : 
Christian Ramos

Abstract : 
Christian unity, or the “ecumenical movement,” is one of Joseph Ratzinger’s (turn Benedict XVI) most apparent apostolates during his Pontificate. His thought on the matter is a development of the theologies developed in the Second Vatican Council’s Lumen Gentium and John Paul II’s Ut Unum Sint, borrowing the words “exchange of gifts,” which affirms elements of sanctification present in churches “separated” from Rome. This work will expand on how Benedict XVI’s teachings about the Eucharist as the Sacrament of Unity gained merit in the Church’s ecumenical movement. This theology can be described as a “Eucharistic Ecclesiology,” and it has earlier codification made formal through the thought of Henri de Lubac. It will be done firstly through an exposition of de Lubac’s commentary in Mystici Corporis, which confirms the origins of Eucharistic Ecclesiology through Patristic and Pauline theology. Next is a look at Pope Benedict XVI’s interjection of this theology into his ecumenical thought with a particular emphasis on the essentialities of the ontological reality of the Church, the shared Christian traditions, and “spiritual ecumenism.” In the final discussions, we shall include a quick run through his Pontificate’s ecumenical initiatives where the teachings about Eucharistic Ecclesiology are dispersed in various circumstances.


Keywords : Benedict XVI, Joseph Ratzinger, Henri de Lubac, Ecumenism, Eucharistic Ecclesiology

Forming Conscience in a Contemporary World: Aquinas’s Teaching on the Gifts of Wisdom and Counsel  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2004pslix179a4    
 Author/s : 
Catherine Joseph Droste, O.P.

Abstract : 
Thomas Aquinas’s teaching on virtue, which includes reference to conscience, offers a rich and solid moral teaching for the twenty-first century. Integral to this teaching on Christian virtue are the gifts of the Holy Spirit. The gifts of counsel (paired with prudence) and wisdom (paired with charity) are particularly relevant for formation of conscience. These gifts provide a docility to the instinctum divinum necessary for proper formation of one’s own conscience, particularly in the context of contemporary dialogue with the Church and the world.


Keywords : conscience, synderesis, virtue, gifts of the Holy Spirit, counsel, wisdom, prudence, instinctum divinum

The Search for Tabique Pampango in the Philippines (PHILIPPINIANA RECORDS)  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2006pslix179pr1    
 Author/s : 
Regalado Trota José

Abstract : 
Encountered in archival documents and historical accounts, the part of a building curiously known as tabique pampango is virtually unknown today. In general terms, tabique pampango refers to a thin wall of interwoven wooden or bamboo stakes and finished with a coating of lime plaster. Tabique is Spanish for any thin or partition wall. The descriptive pampango refers to the people of Pampanga, many of whom served in the colonial military. As we shall see, this type of construction was widely practiced throughout the Spanish colonial Philippines. The procedure for this type of wall, practiced by peoples around the world since ancient times, is the local version of what is referred to in architectural parlance as ‘wattle and daub.’ The earliest known reference to the technique dates from the early years of the 18th century. The earliest available mention of tabique pampango is from 1799. It was banned by the so-called Manila Earthquake Ordinances of 1880, though its construction continued elsewhere after that date.


Keywords : church architecture, earth architecture, earthquake ordinances, Pampangos, wattle and daub.

La diócesis de Nueva Cáceres en 1792 según la visita de su obispo, Fr. Domingo Collantes, O.P. (1ª parte) [PHILIPPINIANA RECORDS]  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2007pslix179pr2    
 Author/s : 
Cayetano Sánchez Fuertes, O.F.M.

Abstract : 
En el presente artículo, se ofrece el relato de una extensa e interesante visita realizada por el obispo dominico Domingo Collantes a casi todos los pueblos de su diócesis de Nueva Cáceres en 1791. En ella se describen detalladamente casi todos los pueblos de su diócesis, incluyendo no solo Aspectos religiosos, sino también topográficos, económicos, sociológicos, antropológicos, urbanísticos, comerciales, etc. Resulta, por tanto, de sumo interés para los historiadores y estudiosos de múltiples ciencias de Filipinas.


Keywords : Fray Domingo Collantes, diócesis de Nueva Cáceres, visita diocesana, Iglesia en Filipinas (siglo XVIII).

Anantanand, Rambachan. Pathways to Hindu-Christian Dialogue. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2022. pp. 158. ISBN: 978-1506474601. (REVIEWS & NOTICES)  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2008pslix179br1    
 Author/s : 
Lesley John Louvis, O.P.

Abstract : 


Keywords :

Baron, Scarlett. The Birth of Intertextuality: The Riddle of Creativity. New York & London: Routledge, 2020. pp. 381. ISBN: 978-0-415-89904-8. (REVIEWS & NOTICES)  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2009pslix179br2    
 Author/s : 
Yustinus Suwartono

Abstract : 


Keywords :

Tyler, Peter. The Living Philosophy of Edith Stein. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2023. pp. 237. ISBN: 978-1-3502-6556-1. (REVIEWS & NOTICES)  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2010pslix179br3    
 Author/s : 
Jose Adriand Emmanuel L. Layug

Abstract : 


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Wojtyla, Karol. The Lublin Lectures and Works on Max Scheler. The English Critical Edition of the Works of Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II. Volume 2. Edited by Antonio Lopez et al. Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2023. pp. 609. ISBN: 978-0-8132-3677-3. (REVIEWS & NOTICES)  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2011pslix179br4    
 Author/s : 
Blaise D. Ringor

Abstract : 


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Galindo, David Rex. To Sin No More: Franciscans and Conversion in the Hispanic World, 1683-1830. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017. pp. 330. ISBN: 978-1-5036- 0326-4. (REVIEWS & NOTICES)  
 DOI : 
https://doi.org/10.55997/2012pslix179br5    
 Author/s : 
Argene Águila Clasara

Abstract : 


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